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Wei, Y-C, Lin S-X, Tsai P-J, Chen Y-C.  2020.  Memory-based optical polarization conversion in a double-Λ atomic system with degenerate Zeeman states. Sci Rep. 10, 13990 (2020) Link
Wei, Y-C, Hsiao Y-F, Wu B-H, Tsai P-J, Chen Y-C.  2020.  Broadband coherent optical memory based on electromagnetically induced transparency. Phys. Rev. A. 102, 063720Link
Wang, Y-S, Li K-B, Chang C-F, Lin T-W, Li J-Q, Hsiao S-S, Chen J-M, Lai Y-H, Chen Y-C, Chen Y-F, Chuu C-S, Yu IA.  2022.  Temporally ultralong biphotons with a linewidth of 50 kHz.. APL Photonics. 7(12), 126102(2022)
Tung, SK, Chen YC, Lin CW, Hsu L, Yu IA.  2000.  Cooling atoms below 100 mu K, Apr. Chinese Journal of Physics. 38:395-399., Number 2 AbstractWebsite

We capture Rb-87 atoms from room-temperature background vapor with a magneto-optical trap (MOT). The temperature of the atoms in the MOT is 320 mu K as the result of Doppler cooling. We further employ polarization gradient cooling to lower atom temperature. The factors that can affect the performance of polarization gradient cooling have been systematically studied. An atom temperature of 75 mu K has been reached with the optimized conditions. Temperatures are measured by the release and recapture method and the time of flight method. Such cold atoms are ready for the evaporative cooling which will finally realize the Bose-Einstein condensation.

Tu, MF, Ho JJ, Hsieh CC, Chen YC.  2009.  Intense SrF radical beam for molecular cooling experiments, Nov. Review of Scientific Instruments. 80:5., Number 11 AbstractWebsite

We have developed a continuous SrF radical beam for the loading of helium buffer gas cooling. The SrF molecules are efficiently generated by high-temperature chemical reaction of the solid precursor SrF(2) with boron in a graphite oven. The beam properties are characterized with laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopic method. We obtain a molecular flux of up to 2.1 x 10(15) sr(-1) s(-1) at the detection region for all rotational states. The dependence of the flux on oven temperature suggests that even higher flux is possible if a higher temperature in the oven is achieved. (C) 2009 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3262631]

Tsai, P-J, Hsiao Y-F, Chen Y-C.  2020.  Quantum storage and manipulation of heralded single photons in atomic quantum memories. Phys. Rev. Research. 2(033155)Link
Tsai, P-J, Wei Y-C, Wu B-H, Li S-X, Chen Y-C.  2020.  Theoretical study on memory-based optical converter with degenerate Zeeman states. Phys. Rev. A. 100(063843)Link
Tsai, P-J, Chen Y-C.  2018.  Ultrabright, narrow-band photon-pair source for atomic quantum memories. Quantum Sci. Technol. 3 (034005)
Simien, CE, Chen YC, Gupta P, Laha S, Martinez YN, Mickelson PG, Nagel SB, Killian TC.  2005.  Absorption imaging of ultracold neutral plasmas, Apr. Ieee Transactions on Plasma Science. 33:540-541. AbstractWebsite

We report optical absorption imaging of ultracold neutral plasmas. Imaging allows direct observation of the ion density profile and expansion of the plasma. The frequency dependence of the plasma's optical depth gives the ion absorption spectrum, which is broadened by the ion motion. We use the spectral width to monitor ion equilibration in the first 250 ns after plasma formation. On a microsecond time scale, we observe the radial acceleration of ions resulting from pressure exerted by the trapped electron gas.

Simien, CE, Chen YC, Gupta P, Laha S, Martinez YN, Mickelson PG, Nagel SB, Killian TC.  2004.  Using absorption imaging to study ion dynamics in an ultracold neutral plasma, Apr. Physical Review Letters. 92:4., Number 14 AbstractWebsite

We report optical absorption imaging of ultracold neutral strontium plasmas. The ion absorption spectrum determined from the images is Doppler broadened and thus provides a quantitative measure of the ion kinetic energy. For the particular plasma conditions studied, ions heat rapidly as they equilibrate during the first 250 ns after plasma formation. Equilibration leaves ions on the border between the weakly coupled gaseous and strongly coupled liquid states. On a longer time scale of microseconds, pressure exerted by the trapped electron gas accelerates the ions radially.

Shiau, BW, Wu MC, Lin CC, Chen YC.  2011.  Low-Light-Level Cross-Phase Modulation with Double Slow Light Pulses, May. Physical Review Letters. 106:4., Number 19 AbstractWebsite

We report on the first experimental demonstration of low-light-level cross-phase modulation (XPM) with double slow light pulses based on the double electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in cold cesium atoms. The double EIT is implemented with two control fields and two weak fields that drive populations prepared in the two doubly spin-polarized states. Group velocity matching can be obtained by tuning the intensity of either of the control fields. The XPM is based on the asymmetric M-type five-level system formed by the two sets of EIT. Enhancement in the XPM by group velocity matching is observed. Our work advances studies of low-light-level nonlinear optics based on double slow light pulses.

Nagel, SB, Mickelson PG, Saenz AD, Martinez YN, Chen YC, Killian TC, Pellegrini P, Cote R.  2005.  Photoassociative spectroscopy at long range in ultracold strontium, Mar 4. Physical Review Letters. 94 AbstractWebsite

We report photoassociative spectroscopy of Sr-88(2) in a magneto-optical trap operating on the S-1(0)-->P-3(1) intercombination line at 689 nm. Photoassociative transitions are driven with a laser red detuned by 600-2400 MHz from the S-1(0)-->P-1(1) atomic resonance at 461 nm. Photoassociation takes place at extremely large internuclear separation, and the photoassociative spectrum is strongly affected by relativistic retardation. A fit of the transition frequencies determines the P-1(1) atomic lifetime (tau=5.22+/-0.03 ns) and resolves a discrepancy between experiment and recent theoretical calculations.

Mickelson, PG, Martinez YN, Saenz AD, Nagel SB, Chen YC, Killian TC, Pellegrini P, Cote R.  2005.  Spectroscopic determination of the s-wave scattering lengths of Sr-86 and Sr-88, Nov 25. Physical Review Letters. 95 AbstractWebsite

We report the use of photoassociative spectroscopy to determine the ground-state s-wave scattering lengths for the main bosonic isotopes of strontium, Sr-86 and Sr-88. Photoassociative transitions are driven with a laser red detuned by up to 1400 GHz from the S-1(0)-P-1(1) atomic resonance at 461 nm. A minimum in the transition amplitude for Sr-86 at -494 +/- 5 GHz allows us to determine the scattering lengths 610a(0)< a(86)< 2300a(0) for Sr-86 and a much smaller value of -1a(0)< a(88)< 13a(0) for Sr-88.

Lo, HY, Chen YC, Su PC, Chen HC, Chen JX, Yu IA, Chen YF.  2011.  Electromagnetically-induced-transparency-based cross-phase-modulation at attojoule levels, Apr. Physical Review A. 83:4., Number 4 AbstractWebsite

We report the experimental demonstration of electromagnetically-induced-transparency-based cross-phase-modulation at attojoule or, equivalently, few-hundred-photon levels. A phase shift of 0.005 rad of a probe pulse modulated by a signal pulse with an energy of similar to 100 aJ, equivalent to similar to 400 photons, was observed in a four-level system of cold (87)Rb atoms.

Liu, Z-Y, Chen Y-H, Chen Y-C, Lo H-Y, Tsai P-J, Yu IA, Chen Y-C, Chen Y-F.  2016.  Large Cross-Phase Modulations at the Few-Photon Level. Phys. Rev. Lett. 117(203601)
Lin, PY, Shiau BW, Hsiao YF, Chen YC.  2011.  Creation of arbitrary spectra with an acousto-optic modulator and an injection-locked diode laser, Aug. Review of Scientific Instruments. 82:6., Number 8 AbstractWebsite

We use a double-passed acousto-optic modulator (AOM), driven by an arbitrary waveform generator to produce multiple frequency components for a laser with arbitrary frequency spacings. A programmed sequence containing various sections of radio-frequency sinusoidal signal at different frequency is applied to drive the AOM. The diffracted light is used to injection-lock a diode laser. The combined techniques allow us to generate the multi-line spectra for the diode laser with arbitrary frequency spacings in the range of 100 MHz at a relatively high output power of 80 mW and a small power variation of 2%. Such a light source can be used in the application for laser cooling of molecules. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3626903]

Lin, YW, Chou HC, Dwivedi PP, Chen YC, Yu IA.  2008.  Using a pair of rectangular coils in the MOT for the production of cold atom clouds with large optical density, Mar. Optics Express. 16:3753-3761., Number 6 AbstractWebsite

We demonstrate a simple method to increase the optical density (OD) of cold atom clouds produced by a magneto-optical trap (MOT). A pair of rectangular anti-Helmholtz coils is used in the MOT to generate the magnetic field that produces the cigar-shaped atom cloud. With 7.2 x 10(8) Rb-87 atoms in the cigar-type MOT, we achieve an OD of 32 as determined by the slow light measurement and this OD is large enough such that the atom cloud can almost contain the entire Gaussian light pulse. Compared to the conventional MOT under the same trapping conditions, the OD is increased by about 2.7 folds by this simple method. In another MOT setup of the cigar-shaped Cs atom cloud, we achieve an OD of 105 as determined by the absorption spectrum of the |6S(1/2), F = 4 > ->| 6P(3/2), F ' = 5 > transition. (C) 2008 Optical Society of America

Lin, C-C, Wu M-C, Shiau B-W, Chen Y-H, Yu IA, Chen Y-F, Chen Y-C.  2012.  Enhanced all-optical switching with double slow light pulses, Dec 28. Physical Review A. 86 AbstractWebsite
Lee, C-Y, Wu B-H, Wang G, Chen Y-F, Chen Y-C, Yu IA.  2016.  High conversion efficiency in resonant four-wave mixing processes. Optics Express. 24 :1008-1016.
Laha, S, Chen YC, Gupta P, Simien CE, Martinez YN, Mickelson PG, Nagel SB, Killian TC.  2006.  Kinetic energy oscillations in annular regions of ultracold neutral plasmas, Oct. European Physical Journal D. 40:51-56., Number 1 AbstractWebsite

A study of ion equilibration in annular regions of ultracold strontium plasmas is reported. Plasmas are formed by photoionizing laser-cooled atoms with a pulsed dye laser. The experimental probe is spatially-resolved absorption spectroscopy using the S-2(1/2)-P-2(1/2) transition of the Sr+ ion. The kinetic energy of the ions is calculated from the Doppler broadening of the spectrum, and it displays clear oscillations during the first microsecond after plasma formation. The oscillations, which are a characteristic of strong coulomb coupling, are fit with a simple phenomenological model incorporating damping and density variation in the plasma.

Kim, B, Chen K-T, Hsiao S-S, Wang S-Y, Li K-B, Ruseckas J, Juzeliūnas G, Kirova T, Auzinsh M, Chen Y-C, Chen Y-F, Yu IA.  2021.  A weakly-interacting many-body system of Rydberg polaritons based on electromagnetically in-duced transparency. Commun. Phys. 4:101(2021)
Killian, TC, Chen YC, Gupta P, Laha S, Martinez YN, Mickelson PG, Nagel SB, Saenz AD, Simien CE.  2005.  Ultracold neutral plasmas, May. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion. 47:A297-A306. AbstractWebsite

Ultracold neutral plasmas are formed by photo-ionizing laser-cooled atoms near the ionization threshold. Through the application of atomic physics techniques and diagnostics, these experiments stretch the boundaries of traditional neutral plasma physics. The electron temperature in these plasmas ranges from 1 to 1000 K and the ion temperature is around 1 K. The density can approach 10(11) cm(-3). Fundamental interest stems from the possibility of creating strongly coupled plasmas, but recombination, collective modes, and thermalization in these systems have also been studied. Optical absorption images of a strontium plasma, using the Sr+ S-2(1/2) -> P-2(1/2) transition at 422 mn, depict the density profile of the plasma, and probe kinetics on a 50 ns time-scale. The Doppler-broadened ion absorption spectrum measures the ion velocity distribution, which gives an accurate measure of the ion dynamics in the first microsecond after photo-ionization.