Using a pair of rectangular coils in the MOT for the production of cold atom clouds with large optical density

Lin, YW, Chou HC, Dwivedi PP, Chen YC, Yu IA.  2008.  Using a pair of rectangular coils in the MOT for the production of cold atom clouds with large optical density, Mar. Optics Express. 16:3753-3761., Number 6


We demonstrate a simple method to increase the optical density (OD) of cold atom clouds produced by a magneto-optical trap (MOT). A pair of rectangular anti-Helmholtz coils is used in the MOT to generate the magnetic field that produces the cigar-shaped atom cloud. With 7.2 x 10(8) Rb-87 atoms in the cigar-type MOT, we achieve an OD of 32 as determined by the slow light measurement and this OD is large enough such that the atom cloud can almost contain the entire Gaussian light pulse. Compared to the conventional MOT under the same trapping conditions, the OD is increased by about 2.7 folds by this simple method. In another MOT setup of the cigar-shaped Cs atom cloud, we achieve an OD of 105 as determined by the absorption spectrum of the |6S(1/2), F = 4 > ->| 6P(3/2), F ' = 5 > transition. (C) 2008 Optical Society of America


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