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Tu, MF, Ho JJ, Hsieh CC, Chen YC.  2009.  Intense SrF radical beam for molecular cooling experiments, Nov. Review of Scientific Instruments. 80:5., Number 11 AbstractWebsite

We have developed a continuous SrF radical beam for the loading of helium buffer gas cooling. The SrF molecules are efficiently generated by high-temperature chemical reaction of the solid precursor SrF(2) with boron in a graphite oven. The beam properties are characterized with laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopic method. We obtain a molecular flux of up to 2.1 x 10(15) sr(-1) s(-1) at the detection region for all rotational states. The dependence of the flux on oven temperature suggests that even higher flux is possible if a higher temperature in the oven is achieved. (C) 2009 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3262631]

Chen, Y-H, Lee M-J, Hung W, Chen Y-C, Chen Y-F, Yu IA.  2014.  Interaction between two stopped light pulses. AIP Conference Proceedings . 1588:17-26. Abstract

The efficiency of a nonlinear optical process is proportional to the interaction time. We report a scheme of all-optical switching based on two motionless light pulses via the effect of electromagnetically induced transparency. One pulse was stopped as the stationary light pulse (SLP) and the other was stopped as stored light. The time of their interaction via the medium can be prolonged and, hence, the optical nonlinearity is greatly enhanced. Using a large optical density (OD) of 190, we achieved a very long interaction time of 6.9 μs. This can be analogous to the scheme of trapping light pulses by an optical cavity with a Q factor of 8×109. With the approach of using moving light pulses in the best situation, a switch can only be activated at 2 photons per atomic absorption cross section. With the approach of employing a SLP and a stored light pulse, a switch at only 0.56 photons was achieved and the efficiency is significantly improved. Moreover, the simulation results are in good agreement with the experimental data and show that the efficiency can be further improved by increasing the OD of the medium. Our work advances the technology in quantum information manipulation utilizing photons.

Guan, WY, Chen YC, Wei JYT, Xu YH, Wu MK.  1993.  ION-SIZE EFFECT ON T(M) AND T(C) IN (R1-XPR(X))BA2CU3O7 SYSTEMS (R = YB, TM, ER, HO, DY, GD, EU, SM, ND AND Y), Apr. Physica C-Superconductivity and Its Applications. 209:19-22., Number 1-3 AbstractWebsite

The magnetic ordering temperatures T(m) of Pr ions in (R1-xPrx)Ba2Cu3O7 systems (R = Yb, Tm, Er, Ho, Dy, Gd, Eu, Sm, Nd and Y) with x = 0.5 - 1.0 were measured. We observe that T(m) decreases monotonically with increasing R concentration. At constant x, T(m) is R ion-size dependent. The slope in the T(m) vs. x is steeper for ion with smaller ionic radius. In comparison with the ion-size effect on the superconducting transition temperatures T(c) in these systems, the observed results can be qualitatively interpreted in terms of the hybridization between the local states of Pr ion and the conduction band states of the CuO2 planes.

Guan, WY, Xu YH, Sheen SR, Chen YC, Wei JYT, Lai HF, Wu MK, Ho JC.  1994.  ION-SIZE EFFECT ON TN IN (R1-XPRX)BA2CU3O7-Y SYSTEMS (R=LU, YB, TM, ER, Y, HO, DY, GD, EU, SM, AND ND), Jun 1. Physical Review B. 49:15993-15999. AbstractWebsite

We conducted a detailed study of the structure and magnetic properties of (R1-xPrx)Ba2Cu3O7 sintered samples, where R = Lu, Yb, Tm, Er, Y, Ho, Dy, Gd, Eu, Sm, and Nd for x = 0.5-1.0. We found that the temperature dependence of the dc susceptibility follows the Curie-Weiss law in the temperature range 20-300 K and the paramagnetism of the Pr and R sublattices exist independently of one another. The antiferromagnetic ordering temperature T(N) of Pr ions decreases monotonically with increasing R concentration (1-x). At a given x, T(N) is R-ion-size dependent. The slope in the T(N) vs x curve is steeper for ions with smaller ionic radii. The observed results are interpreted in terms of the hybridization between the local states of the Pr ion and the valence-band states of the CuO2 planes.