Field-induced long-lived supermolecules

Huang, SJ, Hsu YT, Lee H, Chen YC, Volosniev AG, Zinner NT, Wang DW.  2012.  Field-induced long-lived supermolecules, May 7. Physical Review A. 85


We demonstrate that the long-lived bound states (supermolecules) can exist in the dilute limit when we tune the shape of the effective potential between polar molecules by an external microwave field. Binding energies, average sizes, and phase diagrams for both s-orbital (bosons) and p-orbital (fermions) dimers are studied, together with bosonic trimer states. We explicitly show that the nonadiabatic transition rate can be easily tuned small for such ground-state supermolecules, so that the system can be stable from collapse even near the associated potential resonance. Our results, therefore, suggest a feasible cold molecule system to investigate novel few-body and many-body physics (for example, the p-wave BCS-Bose-Einstein-condensate crossover for fermions and the paired condensate for bosons) that cannot be easily accessed in single species atomic gases.


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