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M.C. Kan, Huang* JL, Sung JC, Chen KH, Yau BS.  2003.  Thermionic emission of amorphous diamond and field emission of carbon nanotube. Carbon. 41:2839-2845.
Mazur, E, Chen KH, Wang J.  1986.  The Interaction of Infrared Radiation with Isolated Molecules: intramolecular nonequilibrium. Int. Conf. on Lasers 6. :359., Orlando
Mendoza-Galván*, A, Järrendahl K, Arwin H, Huang Y-F, Chen LC, Chen KH.  2009.  Spectroscopic ellipsometry analysis of silicon nanotips obtained by electron cyclotron resonance plasma etching. Applied Optics. 48:4996-5004.
Muthusamy, S, Sabbah A, Sabhapathy P, Chang Y-C, Billo T, Syum Z, Chen L-C, Chen K-H.  2023.  Modification of Conductive Carbon with N-Coordinated Fe−Co Dual-Metal Sites for Oxygen Reduction Reaction, 2023. ChemElectroChem. n/a(n/a):e202300272.: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd AbstractWebsite

Abstract Earth-abundant commercial conductive carbon materials are ideal electrocatalyst supports but cannot be directly utilized for single-atom catalysts owing to the lack of anchoring sites. Therefore, we employed crosslink polymerization to modify the conductive carbon surface with Fe?Co dual-site electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). First, metal-coordinated polyurea (PU) aerogels were prepared using via crosslinked polymerization at ambient temperature. Then, carbon-supported, atomically dispersed Fe?Co dual-atom sites (FeCoNC/BP) were formed by high-temperatures pyrolysis with a nitrogen source. FTIR and 13C NMR measurements showed PU linkages, while 15N NMR revealed metal?nitrogen coordination in the PU gels. Asymmetric, N-coordinated, and isolated Fe?Co active structures were found after pyrolysis using XAS and STEM. In alkaline media, FeCoNC/BP exhibited excellent ORR activity, with a E1/2 of 0.93?V vs. RHE, higher than that of Pt/C (20?%) (0.90?V), FeNC/BP (0.88?V), and CoNC/BP (0.85?V). An accelerated durability test (ADT) on FeCoNC/BP indicated good durability over 35000 cycles. FeCoNC/BP also showed moderate ORR and ADT performance in acidic media. The macro/mesoporous N-doped carbon structures enhanced the mass transport properties of the dual Fe?Co active-sites. Therefore, modifying carbon supports with nonprecious metal catalysts may be a cost-effective-strategy for sustained electrochemical energy conversion.

Muthusamy, S, Sabhapathy P, Raghunath P, Sabbah A, Chang Y-C, Krishnamoorthy V, Ho T-T, Chiou J-W, Lin M-C, Chen L-C, Chen K-H.  2023.  Mimicking Metalloenzyme Microenvironments in the Transition Metal-Single Atom Catalysts for Electrochemical Hydrogen Peroxide Synthesis in an Acidic Medium, 2023. Small Methods. :2300234.: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd AbstractWebsite

Abstract Electrochemical reduction of oxygen into hydrogen peroxide in an acidic medium offers an energy-efficient and green H2O2 synthesis as an alternative to the energy-intensive anthraquinone process. Unfortunately, high overpotential, low production rates, and fierce competition from traditional four-electron reduction limit it. In this study, a metalloenzyme-like active structure is mimicked in carbon-based single-atom electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction to H2O2. Using a carbonization strategy, the primary electronic structure of the metal center with nitrogen and oxygen coordination is modulated, followed by epoxy oxygen functionalities close to the metal active sites. In an acidic medium, CoNOC active structures proceed with greater than 98% H2O2 selectivity (2e?/2H+) rather than CoNC active sites that are selective to H2O (4e?/4H+). Among all MNOC (M = Fe, Co, Mn, and Ni) single-atom electrocatalysts, the CoNOC is the most selective (> 98%) for H2O2 production, with a mass activity of 10 A g?1 at 0.60 V vs. RHE. X-ray absorption spectroscopy is used to identify the formation of unsymmetrical MNOC active structures. Experimental results are also compared to density functional theory calculations, which revealed that the structure-activity relationship of the epoxy-surrounded CoNOC active structure reaches optimum (?G*OOH) binding energies for high selectivity.

Muto*, S, Dhara SK, Datta A, Hsu CW, Wu CT, Shen CH, Chen LC, Chen KH, Wang YL, Tanabe T, Maruyama T, Lin HM, Chen CC.  2004.  Characterization of nanodome on GaN nanowires formed with Ga ion irradiation. Mater. Trans.. 45:435-439.
Myers, J, Mou* S, Chen KH, Zhuang Y.  2016.  Scanning microwave microscope imaging of micro-patterned monolayer graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition. Applied Physics Letters . 108:053101.